Institutional Transformation of Ukraine’s Agricultural Sector

Issue: 1/2017

Nataliia Kutsmus

Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (ZNAU), 7, Staryi boulevard, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine; kutsmusn@ukr.net

Oleksandr Kovalchuk

Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (ZNAU), 7, Staryi boulevard, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine; o.d.kovalchuk@gmail.com, +380675906551, corresponding author

Tetiana Usiuk

Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (ZNAU), 7, Staryi boulevard, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine; usjuktanja@gmail.com.

Tetiana Zinchuk

Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (ZNAU), 7, Staryi boulevard, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine; zintshuk@gmail.com

Vitalii Dankevych

Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (ZNAU), 7, Staryi boulevard, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine; dankevych-v@rambler.ru

The complex analysis of the main stages of Ukraine’s agricultural sector development for the independence period has been done in the paper. It was established, that institutional changes in the agricultural sector of economy occurred concerning following institutions: private property, state regulation, pricing, social capital, competi-tion. The peculiarities of land and property private ownership forming as agri-reforms basis have been determined. Post-Soviet institutions destruction caused rapid decrease of economic development and rural population welfare at the first stage of transfor-mations. The main tendencies of agrarian sector functioning under market conditions, providing growth of the agricultural production and export potential of Ukraine have been identified. It was proved, that progressive economic changes did not provide simi-lar results in rural areas development. As a result, the necessity of focusing on human-centric model of rural development was grounded.

Pages: 
57-80
DOI: 10.1515/revecp-2017-0003
JEL: Q180, F140
Keywords: rural development, private household, land, institutions, export potential, agriculture, agricultural enterprise