Spatial Dimension of Czech Enterprise Support Policy: Where Are Public Expenditures Allocated?

Issue: 4/2018

Jana Novosáková

Newton College, Václavské náměstí 11, 110 00 Prague, Czechia

Jiří Koleňák

Newton College, Václavské náměstí 11, 110 00 Prague, Czechia

Jiří Novosák

Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Management and Economics, Mostní 5139, 76301 Zlín, Czechia; email: j.novosak@centrum.cz, novosak@fame.utb.cz

Oldřich Hájek

Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Management and Economics, Mostní 5139, 76301 Zlín, Czechia

The purpose of the present paper is to find whether the spatial distribution of enterprise support policy funds meet the spatial objectives stated in Czech strategic documents related to enterprise support policy. Are more funds allocated in lagging regions, and does enterprise support policy contribute more to the convergence objective, or are more funds allocated in core regions, and does enterprise support policy contribute more to the competitiveness objective? These questions are answered by evaluating the Structural (and Cohesion) Fund (SF) expenditures that were allocated on operations categorised as part of enterprise support policy (2007-2013). The dependent variable relates to 206 regions, and SF expenditures are calculated for every inhabitant of a region. Moreover, two types of SF operation are distinguished: (a) innovation-oriented operations; and (b) other enterprise support operations. Three explanatory variables are defined using Principal Components Analysis (PCA), and these components are understood as: (1) the social disadvantage of regions; (2) the innovation environment of regions; and (3) the quality of regional entrepreneurial environments. The asso-ciations between the dependent and explanatory variables are subsequently evaluated by methods of correlation and regression analysis. The findings provide some evidence for both the convergence and competitiveness objectives. Nevertheless, this evidence is rather limited due to a low spatial concentration of SF allocation, and the compensatory effect between the two thematic types of SF operations. Hence, while the quality of their innovation environment has a positive influence on regional SF allocation regardless of the thematic focus of SF operations, socially disadvantaged regions received more funds for SF operations which are not innovation-oriented. The capacity of potential beneficiaries to prepare and submit many project proposals for SF co-financing is the main reason for high or low SF allocation.

Pages: 
333-351
DOI: 10.2478/revecp-2018-0017
JEL: R58, R12, O22, O18
Keywords: the Czech Republic, regional disparities, enterprise support policy, cohesion policy
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