Transparency in the Allocation of Municipal Grants for Sports and Voucher Systems in the Czech Republic

Issue: 1/2013

Marek Pavlík

Masaryk University, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Lipová 41a, Brno 602 00, pavlik@econ.muni.cz

This paper will assess transparency in the decision-making process in sports grants allocation. In comparison with other parts of the public sector, surprisingly little is known about transparency in the sports sector. An increasing portion of public funds is spent on sport grants; this establishes the necessity for research. Can any positive effects of sports grants be expected to appear without transparency in the decision-making process? An examination of the process in reality is crucial for future public resources allocation. Based on the general assumption that NGOs are important actors in economic and political development, we address the Czech Republic at the municipal level.

The main goals of this paper are to assess the transparency of the allocation of public grants for sport organizations on the municipal level in the Czech Republic and to discuss one possible method for improving system transparency and efficiency: vouchers.

We discuss sport vouchers as a possible tool for improving transparency. Vouchers solve the problem of transparency in the decision-making process by transferring the purchasing power to the client. Although using sports vouchers as a tool for allocating public resources is quite rare, there are a few examples of this practice in the Czech Republic. We established two research questions: (1) Do sport clubs perceive the allocation of sport grants at the municipality level as transparent? (2) Do sport clubs consider a voucher system as helpful for the transparency? To answer these questions, we discuss the theory and specific conditions in the Czech Republic; we perform a survey among sport clubs and we examine examples of voucher implementation; and we discuss the general consequences of our results.

Pages: 
43–57
DOI: 10.2478/v10135-012-0015-5
JEL: L83, L3, H76
Keywords: vouchers, Public sector; public finance; grants; sport; NGO; allocation rules; municipality; transparency
References: 

 

Brown, L.D., Kalegaonkar, A. (2002). Support Organizations and the Evolution of the NGO Sector. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. June 2002 31: 231–258, DOI:10.1177/0899764002312004

Commission of the European Union (2007). White paper on sport. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://ec.europa.eu/sport/white-paper/doc/wp_on_sport_en.pdf

Crompton, J.L. (1983). Recreation Vouchers: A Case Study in Administrative Innovation and Citizen Participation. Public Administration Review; Nov/Dec83, Vol. 43, Issue 6, p. 537, 10p.

Friedman, M., Friedman, R. (1982). Capitalism and freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982, xi, 202 s. ISBN 0226264009.

Gorter, A., Sandiford, P., Rojas, Z., Salvetto, M.(2003). Competitive Voucher Schemes for Health Background Paper. Instituto CentroAmericano de la Salud ICAS. Retrieved September 20, 2012 from http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Family/dental/OralHealthcareWorkforce/Call20080407/Competitive_Voucher.doc

Jones, C. (2002). Public cost for private gain? Recent and proposed ‘national’ stadium developments in the UK, and commonalities with North America. Area, 34: 160–170. DOI: 10.1111/1475-4762.00068

Kantor, P. (1995). The dependent city revisited: The political economy of urban development and social policy. Boulder, CO: Westview. ISBN 081331903X.

Martin, F. (2001). Should Cities Subsidize Nonprofit International Organizations?: A Case Study and Cost Benefit Analysis. Journal of Urban Affairs, vol. 23, pp. 361–373. DOI: 10.1111/0735-2166.00094.

Nemec, J., Medved, J., Šagát, V. (2009) Public finance and sports in Slovakia, selected problems and their developments under the economic and financial crisis. In: Teoretické a praktické aspekty VF. VŠE Praha, 2009.

Peacock, S., Segal, L. (2000). Capitation funding in Australia: imperatives and impediments. Health Care Management Science. 3(2):77–88.DOI:10.1023/A:1019037206624

Stirton, L., Lodge, M. (2001). Transparency Mechanisms: Building Publicness into Public Services. Journal of Law and Society, 28: 471–489. DOI: 10.1111/1467-6478.00199.

Transparency international (2009). Global corruption barometer. Retrieved September 20, 2012 from http://www.transparency.cz/doc/global_corruption_barometer_2009_web.pdf

Valkama, P., Bailey, S.J. (2001). Vouchers As an Alternative Public Sector Funding System. Public Policy and Administration. Spring 2001 16: 32–58, DOI:10.1177/095207670101600103.

Wilson, J. (1999). Acknowledging the expertise of patients and their organisations. BMJ Vol 319, pp 771- 774. DOI:10.1136/bmj.319.7212.771

Wolman, H., Spitzley, D. (1999). The politics of local economic development. In J. Blair & L. Reese (Eds.), Approaches to economic development: Readings from Economic Development Quarterly (pp. 225-263). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. DOI: 10.1177/089124249601000201.

Information gathered about vouchers practice (Accessed 2012/09/21)

Hodonín (2012; 1) Zásady přidělování dotací na činnost organizací provozujících veřejněprospěšnou činnost. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from www.hodonin.eu/VismoOnline_ActionScripts/File.ashx?id_org=4041&id_dokumenty=1054449

Hodonín (2012; 4) Zavedení systému přidělování dotací sportovním oddílům formou grantových poukázek. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://www.google.cz/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=transparentnost%20rozd%C4%9Blov%C3%A1n%C3%AD%20dotac%C3%AD&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&ved=0CCsQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mvcr.cz%2Fsoubor%2Fmanak-hodonin-grantove-poukazky-rezim-kompatibility-pdf.aspx&ei=I4dZUNSfDabY4QSEyYDIAw&usg=AFQjCNEUA8c2E3SzFAUPiVdvUEXyk3mmsg

Opava(2012; 1) Granty statutární město Opava. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://www.cstvopava.cz/oscstv-informace-pro-vas-granty-opava

Opava (2012; 2) Granty 2012 – vyhodnocení poukázkového systému. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://www.google.cz/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=opava%20grantov%C3%BD%20pouk%C3%A1zkov%C3%BD%20syst%C3%A9m&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CFgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.op4u.cz%2Fpub%2Fzmo%2FZ_120423_010%2Fz_010_021%2Fz_010_021_000.doc&ei=jHfKT_iGNMSUOpO56e8P&usg=AFQjCNF5hJFyGK3zBhhSjmmvKwaCVx8zFA

Opava (2013;1) Zásady poskytování grantů. Retrieved January, 15, 2013 fromwww.opava-city.cz/assets/zx/radnice/granty/granty2013/zasady.doc

Poděbrady (2012; 1) Zásady městka Poděbrady pro poskytování dotací v oblasti volnočasových aktivit. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from www.mesto-podebrady.cz/VismoOnline_ActionScripts/File.ashx?id_org=12349&id_dokumenty=5880

Bursa, P (2012) Materiál o možné metodě financování základních sportovních aktivit dětí a mládeže ve věkové kategorii 6.-19. Let (Prostějov). Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://www.pavelbursa.cz/sport.pdf

Hodonín (2012; 2) Hodonínské listy 06/2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from www.hodonin.eu/VismoOnline_ActionScripts/File.ashx?id_org=4041&id_dokumenty=1058759

Hodonín (2012; 3) Deník.cz: Hodonín rozdělil sportovní mládež 2,5mil. Kč. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://hodoninsky.denik.cz/zpravy_region/hodonin-rozdelil-sportovni-mladezi-dva-a-pul-milionu-20120531.html